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How to Write an Informative Essay

If there's so much information out there, how can it be so hard to write an informative essay? The challenge lies in the fact that there really is a lot of information out there, and sometimes it can be too much. When you're writing your informative essay, start by thinking small. If you've been assigned a topic, a lot of your initial work has been done for you. But if not, choose a topic that you have a fair amount of knowledge on, but not a topic you could say you're an absolute expert on. You may think it would make your process easier to know all there is to know about your topic but it won't. You need to start by assuming the role that your reader knows nothing, not one iota, about what you're writing about. If you know too much about that subject, it will be hard to write in the very elementary terms that you need to. 

Putting It Together

Once you have your topic, break it down. Then break it down more. Keep breaking it down, because if not, you are going to face information overload and won't be able to write your informative essay. Say you want to write an informative essay about diseases in America. So you start out with diseases in America, but you want to focus on one that affects a great number of people. So you choose cancer. Now you have cancer, but say you really want to tell your reader about how cancer affects kids. Well, then break it down to pediatric cancer. 

Next form a thesis statement. This thesis statement may change several times over the course of your writing and as your informative essay takes shape, so don't spend a great amount of time on this initial one. An example of a thesis statement for the topic we chose above might be, "Pediatric Cancer and Survival Rates." Take the time now to plot out all the questions one might have, assuming they know nothing about cancer and how it affects young children, should they be reading this informative essay. Factor in the shock value, too. An uninformed reader is bound to be upset and confused about how babies and kids are stricken with such a terrible disease. If you volunteer in a pediatric cancer wing, jot down some of your experiences and observations from that. The more questions you can determine, coupled with the information you have through research and your own knowledge the better. 

Once you have this outline of data to include, start writing. Start with a strong lead so your reader wants to be informed of your subject. This lead is almost always a shocking statistic, so try to come up with something even better if you can. In your body, provide the facts but also other details people well versed on the subject might not know, in order to provide your reader with a very well rounded chunk of information. Talk in laymen's terms, especially if your subject is medical in nature like this is. Conclude your essay with a brief summary and be concise so they aren't left scratching their heads. Finally, read it back and see if it's simple enough to truly teach someone something new.